How do I secure all web pages in a directory?

Please use the browser control panel interface for password protecting your web pages.

Or via telnet, if your home directory is yourlogin, create a file named .htaccess in your web directory that contains the following:

  • AuthUserFile /home/yourlogin/.htpasswd
  • AuthGroupFile /dev/null
  • AuthName ByPassword
  • AuthType Basic

require user pumpkin

Then in your home directory, type htpasswd -c .htpasswd pumpkin. This will enable you to secure the directory so that only user pumpkin can enter this directory.

You may well want any of the user/password combinations you created in your .htpasswd file to allow access. Just say require valid-user instead of require user xxx in .htaccess and any of the users you created will be able to access the files.

Note that you want to store the .htpasswd file in your home directory so it is hidden from others. The one drawback to putting your .htpasswd file in your home directory is that you will have to slightly lower the security of your home directory. Go to /home and type chmod +x yourlogin. The web server needs execute permission on to read the .htpasswd file.